Caldwell List

A list of bright deep sky objects which is supplementary to the Messier List, which missed several objects worthy of listing  - and listed nothing south of 35° S. The first fourteen items (C1-C14) are not visible from Macarthur's 34° S latitude. The dates of the highest passing of the objects are approximate.

#

Also Designated

Common name

Type

Constellation

Mag

Highest

C1* NGC 188   Open Cluster Cepheus 8.1 Sep-Oct
C2* NGC 40 Bow-Tie Nebula Planetary Nebula Cepheus 11 Sep-Oct
C3* NGC 4236   Barred Spiral Galaxy Draco 9.7 Mar-Sep
C4* NGC 7023 Iris Nebula Open Cluster and Nebula Cepheus 7 Sep-Oct
C5* IC 342   Spiral Galaxy Camelopardalis 9 Dec-May
C6* NGC 6543 Cat's Eye Nebula Planetary Nebula Draco 9 Mar-Sep
C7* NGC 2403   Spiral Galaxy Camelopardalis 8.4 Dec-May
C8* NGC 559   Open Cluster Cassiopeia 9.5 Oct-Dec
C9* Sh2-155 Cave Nebula Nebula Cepheus 7.7 Sep-Oct
C10* NGC 663   Open Cluster Cassiopeia 7.1 Oct-Dec
C11* NGC 7635 Bubble Nebula Nebula Cassiopeia - Oct-Dec
C12* NGC 6946 Fireworks Galaxy Spiral Galaxy Cepheus 8.9 Sep-Oct
C13* NGC 457 Owl Cluster, E.T. Cluster Open Cluster Cassiopeia 6.4 Oct-Dec
C14* NGC 869 & 884 Double Cluster, H & χ Persei Open Cluster Perseus 4 Nov-Dec
C15 NGC 6826 Blinking Planetary Planetary Nebula Cygnus 10 Aug-Sep
C16 NGC 7243   Open Cluster Lacerta 6.4 Sep-Oct
C17 NGC 147   Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy Cassiopeia 9.3 Oct-Dec
C18 NGC 185   Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy Cassiopeia 9.2 Oct-Dec
C19 IC 5146 Cocoon Nebula Open Cluster and Nebula Cygnus 7.2 Aug-Sep
C20 NGC 7000 North America Nebula Nebula Cygnus 4 Aug-Sep
C21 NGC 4449   Irregular galaxy Canes Venatici 9.4 Apr-May
C22 NGC 7662 Blue Snowball Planetary Nebula Andromeda 9 Oct-Nov
C23 NGC 891   Spiral Galaxy Andromeda 10 Oct-Nov
C24 NGC 1275 Perseus A Type-cD galaxy Perseus 11.6 Nov-Dec
C25 NGC 2419   Globular Cluster Lynx 10.4 Jan-Mar
C26 NGC 4244   Spiral Galaxy Canes Venatici 10.2 Apr-May
C27 NGC 6888 Crescent Nebula Nebula Cygnus 7.4 Aug-Sep
C28 NGC 752   Open Cluster Andromeda 5.7 Oct-Nov
C29 NGC 5005   Spiral Galaxy Canes Venatici 9.8 Apr-May
C30 NGC 7331   Spiral Galaxy Pegasus 9.5 Sep-Oct
C31 IC 405 Flaming Star Nebula Nebula Auriga - Dec-Feb
C32 NGC 4631 Whale Galaxy Barred Spiral Galaxy Canes Venatici 9.3 Apr-May
C33 NGC 6992 East Veil Nebula Supernova Remnant Cygnus - Aug-Sep
C34 NGC 6960 West Veil Nebula Supernova Remnant Cygnus - Aug-Sep
C35 NGC 4889   Type-cD galaxy Coma Berenices 11.4 Apr-May
C36 NGC 4559   Spiral Galaxy Coma Berenices 9.9 Apr-May
C37 NGC 6885   Open Cluster Vulpecula 6 Aug-Sep
C38 NGC 4565 Needle Galaxy Spiral Galaxy Coma Berenices 9.6 Apr-May
C39 NGC 2392 Eskimo Nebula/Clown Face Nebula Planetary Nebula Gemini 10 Jan-Feb
C40 NGC 3626   Spiral Galaxy Leo 10.9 Mar-Apr
C41 Mel 25 Hyades Open Cluster Taurus 0.5 Dec-Jan
C42 NGC 7006   Globular Cluster Delphinus 10.6 Aug-Sep
C43 NGC 7814   Spiral Galaxy Pegasus 10.5 Sep-Oct
C44 NGC 7479   Barred Spiral Galaxy Pegasus 11 Sep-Oct
C45 NGC 5248   Spiral Galaxy Boötes 10.2 May-Jun
C46 NGC 2261 Hubble's Variable Nebula Nebula Monoceros - Jan-Feb
C47 NGC 6934   Globular Cluster Delphinus 8.9 Aug-Sep
C48 NGC 2775   Spiral Galaxy Cancer 10.3 Feb-Mar
C49 NGC 2237 Rosette Nebula Nebula Monoceros 9 Jan-Feb
C50 NGC 2244   Open Cluster Monoceros 4.8 Jan-Feb
C51 IC 1613   Irregular galaxy Cetus 9.3 Oct-Dec
C52 NGC 4697   Elliptical galaxy Virgo 9.3 Apr-Jun
C53 NGC 3115 Spindle Galaxy Lenticular Galaxy Sextans 9.2 Mar-Apr
C54 NGC 2506   Open Cluster Monoceros 7.6 Jan-Feb
C55 NGC 7009 Saturn Nebula Planetary Nebula Aquarius 8 Aug-Oct
C56 NGC 246   Planetary Nebula Cetus 8 Oct-Dec
C57 NGC 6822 Barnard's Galaxy Barred irregular galaxy Sagittarius 9 Jul-Aug
C58 NGC 2360   Open Cluster Canis Major 7.2 Jan-Feb
C59 NGC 3242 Ghost of Jupiter Planetary Nebula Hydra 9 Feb-Jun
C60 NGC 4038 Antennae Galaxies Galaxy Corvus 10.7 Apr-May
C61 NGC 4039 Antennae Galaxies Interacting galaxy Corvus 13 Apr-May
C62 NGC 247   Spiral Galaxy Cetus 8.9 Oct-Dec
C63 NGC 7293 Helix Nebula Planetary Nebula Aquarius 7.3 Aug-Oct
C64 NGC 2362   Open Cluster and Nebula Canis Major 4.1 Jan-Feb
C65 NGC 253 Sculptor Galaxy Galaxy Sculptor 7.1 Oct-Nov
C66 NGC 5694   Globular Cluster Hydra 10.2 Feb-Jun
C67 NGC 1097   Galaxy Fornax 9.3 Nov-Dec
C68 NGC 6729 R CrA Nebula Nebula Corona Australis - Jul-Aug
C69 NGC 6302 Bug Nebula Planetary Nebula Scorpius 13 Jun-Jul
C70 NGC 300   Galaxy Sculptor 9 Oct-Nov
C71 NGC 2477   Open Cluster Puppis 5.8 Jan-Feb
C72 NGC 55   Galaxy Sculptor 8 Oct-Nov
C73 NGC 1851   Globular Cluster Columba 7.3 Jan
C74 NGC 3132 Eight Burst Nebula Planetary Nebula Vela 8 Feb-Apr
C75 NGC 6124   Open Cluster Scorpius 5.8 Jun-Jul
C76 NGC 6231   Open Cluster and Nebula Scorpius 2.6 Jun-Jul
C77 NGC 5128 Centaurus A Galaxy Centaurus 7 Apr-Jun
C78 NGC 6541   Globular Cluster Corona Australis 6.6 Jul-Aug
C79 NGC 3201   Globular Cluster Vela 6.8 Feb-Apr
C80 NGC 5139 Omega Centauri Globular Cluster Centaurus 3.7 Apr-Jun
C81 NGC 6352   Globular Cluster Ara 8.2 Jun-Jul
C82 NGC 6193   Open Cluster Ara 5.2 Jun-Jul
C83 NGC 4945   Galaxy Centaurus 9 Apr-Jun
C84 NGC 5286   Globular Cluster Centaurus 7.6 Apr-Jun
C85 IC 2391 Omicron Velorum Cluster Open Cluster Vela 2.5 Feb-Apr
C86 NGC 6397   Globular Cluster Ara 5.7 Jun-Jul
C87 NGC 1261   Globular Cluster Horologium 8.4 Nov-Dec
C88 NGC 5823   Open Cluster Circinus 7.9 May-Jun
C89 - S Norma Cluster Open Cluster Norma 5.4 Jun
C90 NGC 2867   Planetary Nebula Carina 10 Jan-Apr
C91 NGC 3532 Wishing Well Cluster Open Cluster Carina 3 Jan-Apr
C92 NGC 3372 Eta Carinae Nebula Nebula Carina 3 Jan-Apr
C93 NGC 6752   Globular Cluster Pavo 5.4 Jul-Sep
C94 NGC 4755 Jewel Box Open Cluster Crux 4.2 Apr-May
C95 NGC 6025   Open Cluster Triangulum Australe 5.1 Jun-Jul
C96 NGC 2516   Open Cluster Carina 3.8 Jan-Apr
C97 NGC 3766 Pearl Cluster Open Cluster Centaurus 5.3 Apr-Jun
C98 NGC 4609   Open Cluster Crux 6.9 Apr-May
C99 - Coalsack Nebula Dark Nebula Crux - Apr-May
C100 IC 2944 Lambda Centauri Nebula Open Cluster and Nebula Centaurus 4.5 Apr-Jun
C101 NGC 6744   Galaxy Pavo 9 Jul-Sep
C102 IC 2602 Theta Car Cluster Open Cluster Carina 1.9 Jan-Apr
C103 NGC 2070 Tarantula Nebula Open Cluster and Nebula Dorado 8.2 Dec-Jan
C104 NGC 362   Globular Cluster Tucana 6.6 Sep-Nov
C105 NGC 4833   Globular Cluster Musca 7.4 Apr-May
C106 NGC 104 47 Tucanae Globular Cluster Tucana 4 Sep-Nov
C107 NGC 6101   Globular Cluster Apus 9.3 May-Jul
C108 NGC 4372   Globular Cluster Musca 7.8 Apr-May
C109 NGC 3195   Planetary Nebula Chamaeleon 11.6 Feb-May

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